As we begin 2015, our indicators and analysis suggest global inflation should remain subdued and encourage a liquidity environment that could benefit equities, albeit with the likelihood of a slight increase in price volatility.
For example, with low inflation in most developed markets, global central banks will likely maintain low short-term interest rates, which leads us to favor equities over cash at this time.
In addition, equities have continued to present favorable valuations compared with both developed-market government bonds and local cash rates. The nominal equity dividend yield of the MSCI All Country World Index was greater than the inflation-adjusted yield to maturity of the Citigroup Government Bond Index in the third quarter of 2014.1 Another valuation metric that we leverage is the equity risk premium, defined as the earnings yield minus the appropriate local cash rate. The local equity risk premiums in the United States, Europe, Japan and the United Kingdom were all higher than the long-term average equity risk premiums for each country in recent months, which we believe characterizes a supportive equity environment over cash.
Divergence in regional monetary policy and gross domestic product (GDP) growth rates creates multi-asset investment opportunities, in our view. Within equities, Franklin Templeton Solutions sees opportunities in Japan, emerging Asia and Europe. We continue to favor equities in emerging Asia over emerging Latin America due to what we view as stronger corporate fundamentals and attractive valuations. We believe the United States is transitioning to less accommodative monetary policy while the Bank of Japan’s policy has remained highly supportive. Broadly robust Japanese corporate fundamentals and what we view as attractive valuations in Japan as of December-end also lead our Franklin Templeton Solutions team to favor Japanese equities over US equities going into 2015.
We also see opportunities in European equities, largely due to an encouraging recovery in global GDP growth and diverging monetary policy between the Federal Reserve (Fed) and the European Central Bank (ECB). Most components of global composite purchasing managers index data (a measure of the health of the manufacturing sector) were positive and rising in late 2014, which we believe could help European exporter earnings in 2015. While US monetary stimulus has been decelerating, the liquidity environment in Europe has the potential to benefit regional equities since the ECB appears to us to be open to unconventional measures to help support growth and combat deflation as necessary.
Within fixed income, we believe long-term US interest rates could gradually increase amid a consistently improving growth outlook. We favor short-duration positioning given Fed policy projections, rising US employment, an improving US economy and US Treasury valuations we regard as stretched. We favor US high yield over intermediate-term US Treasuries as interest coverage ratios have improved over the last few years, with many companies lowering their borrowing costs and increasing their cash holdings. Since many US corporations built large cash reserves and extended their debt maturities, we think default rates are likely to remain low in the medium term. We also believe the US high-yield sector has compelling performance potential given the strong US economy.
Hedge funds2 remain an important tool for us to potentially gain diversification benefits and increase performance potential through strategies that benefit whether the markets go up or down. We also favor hedge funds given the backdrop of potentially rising interest rates, and we are interested in products that target specific market characteristics or anomalies with the goal of generating returns independent of market trends. Additionally, we continue to monitor commodities for opportunities and think oil prices should be moderately higher in 2015 compared to late-2014 lows.
The comments, opinions and analyses are the personal views expressed by the investment manager and are intended to be for informational purposes and general interest only and should not be construed as individual investment advice or a recommendation or solicitation to buy, sell or hold any security or to adopt any investment strategy. It does not constitute legal or tax advice. The information provided in this material is rendered as at publication date and may change without notice and it is not intended as a complete analysis of every material fact regarding any country, region, market or investment.
Data from third-party sources may have been used in the preparation of this material and Franklin Templeton Investments (“FTI”) has not independently verified, validated or audited such data. FTI accepts no liability whatsoever for any loss arising from use of this information and reliance upon the comments, opinions and analyses in the material is at the sole discretion of the user. Products, services and information may not be available in all jurisdictions and are offered by FTI affiliates and/or their distributors as local laws and regulations permit. Please consult your own professional adviser for further information on availability of products and services in your jurisdiction.
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What Are the Risks?
All investments involve risks, including possible loss of principal. The value of investments can go down as well as up, and investors may not get back the full amount invested. Generally, those offering the potential for higher returns are accompanied by a higher degree of risk. Stock prices fluctuate, sometimes rapidly and dramatically, due to factors affecting individual companies, particular industries or sectors, or general market conditions. Special risks are associated with foreign investing, including currency fluctuations, economic instability and political developments. Investments in emerging markets involve heightened risks related to the same factors, in addition to those associated with their relatively small size, lesser liquidity and lack of established legal, political, business and social frameworks to support securities markets. Diversification does not guarantee profit or protect against risk of loss.
Bond prices generally move in the opposite direction of interest rates. Changes in the financial strength of a bond issuer or in a bond’s credit rating may affect its value. Thus, as prices of bonds in an investment portfolio adjust to a rise in interest rates, the value of the portfolio may decline. High-yield bonds are generally lower-rated, higher-yielding instruments, which are subject to increased risk of default and can potentially result in a loss of principal. Changes in the financial strength of a bond issuer or in a bond’s credit rating may affect its value.
Investment in hedge funds is a speculative investment, entails significant risk and should not be considered a complete investment program. An investment in hedge funds provides for only limited liquidity and is suitable only for persons who can afford to lose the entire amount of their investment. There can be no assurance that the investment strategies employed by hedge fund managers will be successful.
1. Source: Thomson Reuters (Markets) LLC: Datastream, for period covering 31 December 1987 through 31 October 2014. See www.franklintempletondatasources.com for additional data provider information. Indexes are unmanaged, and one cannot invest directly in an index. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.