Last week saw global equity markets pause for breath, with most major indices declining when faced with a sobering economic outlook from the US Federal Reserve (Fed) and fears of a second wave of COVID-19 infections. In addition, we have seen meteoric gains in recent weeks, so many suggest a pullback was overdue. On the week, the MSCI World Index traded -4.5%; Stoxx Europe Index 600 -5.7%; S&P 500 Index -4.8% and MSCI Asia Index -1.1%.1
Equity Markets Pause for Breath
Market performance was fairly lacklustre during the first half of last week, but Thursday’s trading session (11 June) in particular saw some sharp declines for equity markets, with the S&P 500 Index -5.9% and the Stoxx Europe Index 600 -4.1%. Rather than one “smoking gun” reason, it felt as if a number of factors combined to weigh on investor sentiment.
Economic reality check: Whilst the Fed meeting on 10 June didn’t produce too many surprises, the overall message from the Fed did provide a stark reminder of the challenges facing the US economy. Despite the recent better-than-expected US employment data, Fed Chair Jerome Powell stated: “I think we have to be honest, it’s a long road. Depending on how you count it, well more than 20 million people displaced in the labour market. It’s going to take some time.”
The Fed predicted US gross domestic product (GDP) will contract by 6.5% this year before rebounding 5% next year. The central bank did stress it would support the economy, stating interest rates were likely to be held near zero through 2022 and it would maintain asset purchases “at least” at the present pace.
Last week also saw a somber report form the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) that stated many major economies faced a tough recovery from the crisis. In its view, “Most people see a V-shaped recovery, but we think it’s going to stop halfway. By the end of 2021, the loss of income exceeds that of any previous recession over the last 100 years outside wartime, with dire and long-lasting consequences for people, firms and governments.” If we avoid a second wave, the global economy would still likely be 6% smaller by end of 2021 than pre-COVID predictions. If there were to be a second wave, this could be closer to 10%.
What was also interesting in the OECD report was the different regional predictions. The OECD sees South Korea only contracting 1.2% in 2020, with growth of 3.1% next year. However, it sees the UK economy shrinking 11.5% in 2020, with a 9% rebound in 2021.
COVID-19 second wave fears: The Fed meeting coincided with headlines that US COVID-19 infections had topped two million, and there were signs of cases creeping up in a number of US states. States such as Texas, Florida and California all saw increased daily cases. This news certainly helped spook investors last week when sentiment was already gloomy.
US presidential election campaign in focus: Democratic candidate Joe Biden has seen polls swing in his favour in recent weeks, and there is increasing focus on the impact of a potential Biden victory. Of note, Biden has said he would reverse some of the corporate tax cuts the Trump administration put in place. From what we’ve seen, it doesn’t appear that markets are pricing this outcome in, with the main beneficiaries of the tax cuts continuing to trade higher despite falling odds of a Trump victory. We think the election will be a key dynamic for equity markets in coming months.
Too much, too quickly: Since the lows on 23 March, the S&P 500 Index saw an epic rally of 45%. Many equity indices were being flagged as overbought. With that in mind, it is perhaps not surprising to see markets pull back. The 3200 level on the S&P 500 Index appeared to have been a resistance level where the US market has failed. We see key support likely at the 200-day moving average—the average price over the past 200 days—close to the 3000 level.
The Week in Review
Last week’s market selloff saw European equities underperform their US counterparts and close the week down 5.7%. The year-to-date (YTD) underperformers were the underperformers once again last week, as the cyclicals gave back some of their recent gains. Whilst they are still +25% from March’s lows, they remain -17% YTD.
The cautious economic outlook, fears over a second coronavirus wave, and the extent of the recent rally all contributed to the selloff. On the macro front, the picture was dire from the United Kingdom and pointed towards a deteriorating economy. April GDP was -20.4% month-on-month, even worse than the 18.7% decline expected as a result of the pandemic lockdown. Industrial production fell by a record 20.3% month-on-month and total retail sales were also disappointing. No part of the economy was left unscathed.
This comes alongside the backdrop of difficult Brexit negotiations. Last week the United Kingdom formally rejected an extension to the transition period. Whilst this was not a huge surprise, it still dented sentiment. The focus now turns to Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s meeting with the European Union (EU) leaders on 15 June. It was noteworthy that Michael Gove (government minister) was reported to abandon the key demand of full border checks this week, accepting business cannot be expected to cope with COVID-19 and disruption at the border after 2020.
With the economic slump and Brexit bubbling away, the pound came under pressure, closing the week -1% vs. the US dollar. Eurozone data also suffered, with industrial production for the region plummeting by an unprecedented 17% in April.
Another risk to be aware of is a potential escalation of EU/US trade tensions as Germany, France, Spain and Italy have collectively proposed a minimum tax level for multinational companies. An effective taxation of at least 12%-15% has been suggested, and adds to existing friction with the United States. The US Trade Representative is already probing the EU on digital tax laws (which was a precursor to tariffs in China’s case), seeing France respond aggressively, saying that any new trade sanctions over digital services will spark a fast EU-wide retaliation. We expect the global trade tensions to escalate further in the coming weeks and months.
US equities traded lower last week amidst the broad market decline. Despite showing some resilience at the start of the week, the S&P 500 Index sold off through Thursday and Friday, bouncing around the 3000 level. Market volatility was on the rise as the CBOE Market Volatility (VIX) index—considered a measure of “fear” in the market—closed the week up 67%.2 Jerome Powell’s cautious economic outlook, fears of a rise in COVID-19 infections and a shift in market sentiment as equity valuations become stretched were all cited as reasons for the market pullback. US-China trade tensions, the US presidential election and continued civil unrest provide further overhangs at the moment. The rotation we had seen the week before in terms of sector performance reversed last week with the YTD winners back at the top of the pile. Technology was the relative outperformer and energy stocks lagged once again as oil prices came under pressure.
Away from Fed updates, fears over a second wave of COVID-19 infections have risen in certain states throughout the United States. A number of states which were earlier to reopen have experienced an increase in the number of cases. Infections in Arizona, for example, rose at an average of 4.6% per day last week, a marked increase from two weeks prior when rates were rising 3.3%. There are also concerns in the three most populous states—Texas, California and Florida—where infections are back at new highs. Texas reported a further 2,504 cases on 10 June, the highest one-day total since the virus spread. Despite cases across the United States as a whole some way off their peak, it is the potential for further lockdown rules to be applied in these key states, which has spooked equity markets once again. Optimism had been rising over a number of weeks that we were through the works of the virus; however, these latest figures are a clear warning to local and national governments over complacency.
Macroeconomic data out of the United States was mixed last week. The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey report came in below market expectations on 9 June, but the weekly jobless claims report was better than expected. Yet, whilst it showed another decline in the number of claims, it was clear that the labour market remains way off pre-virus levels. The number of Americans filing for unemployment benefits in the week to 6 June was 1.5 million, lifting the total reported since 21 March to 44.2 million.
Asia Pacific (APAC)
Equities in the APAC region were also worse off last week, but did show some relative resilience, with the MSCI Asia Pacific Index down just 1.1% on the week. Like the United States and Europe, the market selloff came towards the end of last week, with the key themes we have already discussed at play. It was a similar story in terms of sector moves in APAC. with health care and communication services, the two outperformers YTD, leading the way again last week. Like in the United States, energy stocks were the week’s laggard and financials were also under pressure.
Chinese trade data was in focus last week, with May exports outperforming market expectations. Textile shipments surged, including medical care products such as gowns and masks, whilst exports of high-tech products also increased. In terms of bilateral trading with the United States, the trade surplus that China enjoys decreased to US$91.5 billion through the first five months of the year, down from US$110.4 billion for the same period last year. With imports down, it is very unlikely that China is going to satisfy the purchase agreement of US goods as set out in the “Phase One” trade deal.
On 15 June, Asian equities were weak amid reports of an uptick in coronavirus cases and disappointing economic data. Beijing reported another 100 new virus cases over the weekend, prompting a partial shutdown of the city. Until this weekend, Beijing had gone 50 days without any new infections. Meanwhile, Tokyo also reported an increase in infections. Also weighing on markets this morning is the Chinese industrial production report, which came in below expectations, growing 4.4% year-on-year vs. expectations of 5% growth. Meanwhile, retail sales in China also disappointed, -2.8% vs -2.3% expected.
It’s relatively quiet on the data front this week, but the United Kingdom will be in focus with the Bank of England interest rate decision on 18 June and a Brexit discussion between Johnson and European Commission (EC) President Ursula Von der Leyen on 15 June. We also have the video conferenced EU summit on 19 June, where European leaders will discuss the EC’s proposed recovery fund, and potentially give an update on Brexit negotiations.
Fri 19 June – Finland & Sweden (Midsummers Eve)
Monday 15 June
- Economic/Political: Riksbank’s Breman and the Fed’s Kaplan both speak.
- Data: United Kingdom: Rightmove HPI; Eurozone: Trade Balance; China: Industrial Production, Retail Sales; US: Empire Manufacturing report.
Tuesday 16 June
- Economic/Political: Bank of Japan (BOJ) interest-rate announcement, Powell delivers semi-annual policy report to the US Senate.
- Data: UK: Claimant Count & Jobless claims, ILO Unemployment; Germany: ZEW Survey; Eurozone: ZEW Survey; United States: Retail Sales, Industrial Production
Wednesday 17 June
- Economic/Political: The US Fed’s Mester speaks.
- Data: United Kingdom: CPI; Italy: Industrial Orders; Eurozone: EU27 New Car Registrations; Japan: Trade Balance; United States: Department of Energy data, Housing Starts
Thursday 18 June
- Economic/Political: Band of England interest-rate Announcement; Norges Bank Interest-Rate Announcement; Swiss SNB Rate Announcement; European Central Bank publishes economic bulletin
- Data: Italy: Trade Balance; United States: Initial Jobless Claims
Friday 19 June
- Economic/Political: European Council Meeting; BOJ April meeting minutes; Fed’s Rosengren speaks
- Data: United Kingdom: Retail Sales; Germany: Producer Price Index month over month/year over year; Japan: Consumer Price Index
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