Beyond Bulls & Bears


Equities near all-time highs—Where do we go from here?

As equity markets near all-time highs, Franklin Templeton Investment Solutions believes that equity overbought signals have emerged. They examine forward equity returns after being at, and near, historical peaks, and what these outcomes could mean for allocating between stocks and bonds.

Key points:

  • As equity markets near all-time highs, a tension between momentum and contrarian indicators naturally arises. We find it important to examine these indicators to sharpen our tactical views.
  • As equity overbought signals emerge, our optimism may be subdued, at least temporarily.
  • We have reduced our equity preference and now have a neutral view between stocks and bonds. Our macro outlook remains constructive, and we would view a price correction in equities as an opportunity to become more bullish.

Equities near all-time highs

Equities are near cyclical highs once again. Is this a good thing or a bad thing for asset allocators? With stocks near cyclical highs, momentum is clearly supportive of risky assets, in our opinion. However, it feels as if a lot of the good news may be priced in, and contrarian indicators are suggesting allocators should be more cautious. Which perspective is better?

As usual, we turn to the data as our starting point in answering the above question. For starters, equities being at or near cyclical highs is not as rare of an occurrence as it may seem. Since 1973, equities have been at all-time highs 14% of the time.1 Additionally, they have been within 5% of all-time highs 46% of the time (see Exhibit 1).2

Although these parameters chart equities at similar points in time, we observe a significantly different path forward for returns. When equities are at all-time highs, we tend to see weaker forward equity returns. However, if we broaden the sample to consider all periods when equities are within 5% of all-time highs, then we see forward equity returns that are in line with the historical average.

We see similar results when examining technical indicators that measure investor sentiment. When the relative strength index (RSI) is above 70, that is commonly considered as signaling overbought conditions; weaker forward equity returns follow on average. However, if we zoom out and include all periods when equities remain above their 40-week moving average, then equity returns tend to be slightly better than historical averages (analogous to our previous example when equities are near, but not at, all-time highs).

Exhibit 1: Technical Indicators and Forward Equity Returns

How do we make sense of these mixed outcomes? In general, these results support the classic saying, “the trend is your friend.” As equities march higher, we want to acknowledge that the positive momentum has generally been a supportive factor for risk-taking. However, it also seems apparent that equities can get briefly overextended during bull markets, and we believe it can be advantageous to tactically reduce exposure when this happens.

As stocks recently approached all-time highs, we adjusted our risk-on stance; we now have a neutral preference between stocks and bonds. We remain constructive on the backdrop for equities, with a generally benign macro outlook and positive momentum in corporate fundamentals. However, sentiment metrics suggest equities may have limited upside in the near term. It can be smart to favor a more balanced (neutral) outlook between stocks and bonds when this occurs, looking to re-establish risky preferences should equities pull back, even moderately.

Exhibit 1 methodology

The statistics for this exhibit are calculated using weekly data, measuring the S&P 500 Price Index. Returns are calculated on a forward basis, measuring the forward weekly returns and annualizing the data for each regime.



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1. Sources: Sources: Bloomberg and S&P. Calculations by Franklin Templeton Investment Solutions. Indexes are unmanaged and one cannot directly invest in them. They do not include fees, expenses or sales charges. Past performance is not an indicator or a guarantee of future performance. See for additional data provider information..

2. Ibid.

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